How does obesity affect a child’s height?
In modern society, more and more people are prone to obesity. This is no longer a problem of developed countries but also a concern of many people in developing countries like Vietnam. So how to understand all about obesity, its causes and harm to get the most effective way to improve this situation, the following article of Gettallerfast will definitely help you.
What is obesity? How to know if you are obese or not?
Obesity is understood as a complex disorder related to excessive and rapidly increasing fat accumulation in the body. Obesity affects the physique, increases the risk of diseases and health problems such as cardiovascular disease, blood pressure, diabetes, gallstones, bones and joints, digestion, memory impairment…
To diagnose a person as obese or at high risk, we need to rely on body mass index (BMI). A BMI higher than 25 is overweight, 30 or higher is obese, and 40 or more is severe obesity. Formula to calculate specific BMI:
BMI = Weight (kg)/ (height (m) x 2)
Based on BMI, you can determine quite accurately how much fat is stored in the body:
30-34: obesity level 1
35-39.9: obesity level 2
>40: obesity grade 3
However, you should note that BMI estimates body fat, not directly measuring body fat. Some muscular people such as swimmers, athletes, boxers, and bodybuilders have a high BMI at the overweight level but do not have excess fat, because fat is only stored in the muscles.
How does obesity affect height?
Obesity not only affects health but also affects the height of the body. According to many studies, during adolescence, obese children grow bones faster than children of normal weight. However, at puberty, the height growth rate of obese children slows down.
The researchers also found that obese children had a higher risk of fracture, possibly due to greater body mass during falls, an unbalanced diet, or excess adipose tissue that reduces bone loss. bone development. The bones of obese children are usually larger in size and weight, but with reduced mineral density. When there is a broken line at the junction at the top of the bone, it will negatively affect the height.
Children with obesity are also prone to many bone and joint diseases such as:
Osteoarthritis: Obese children are at risk of bone and joint diseases because the knee joint is under great pressure from too much weight.
Osteoporosis: In middle age, people who are obese or have been obese have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Oxidized fat stimulates osteoclasts and inhibits osteoclast formation in bone, thereby reducing bone density and causing osteoporosis. Besides, the second mechanism is hyperlipidemia, which also indirectly affects bone density.
Other health effects of obesity
In addition to the harmful effects on height that obesity brings, obese people are also prone to dangerous diseases such as:
High risk of cardiovascular disease: In obese people, the heart has to work harder, easily overloading the heart’s activity. Therefore, obese people often suffer from heart disease. The majority of cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, stroke, and myocardial infarction come from being overweight or obese. Obese people often come with dyslipidemia or blood fat, high cholesterol. When cholesterol is high, it will cause fibrosis of the blood vessels, myocardial infarction, stroke and high blood pressure.
Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, chronic pain or gout occurring in obese people is very high because body weight puts pressure on bones and joints. In particular, the knee joint and spine are the earliest injuries.
Diabetes: Obesity is a direct cause of type 2 diabetes, causing insulin resistance (the hormone that regulates blood sugar and quickly delivers glucose into cells to use).
Respiratory diseases: Obese people often suffer from breathing disorders, snoring, and sleep apnea due to the phenomenon of “fat clinging” to the diaphragm and bronchial tubes.
Endocrine disorders due to obesity: In obese women, menstrual disorders, polycystic ovaries, difficulty getting pregnant or high risk of infertility are very high. During pregnancy, obese women are also at risk of having a difficult delivery, and the baby is prone to metabolic disorders. Obese men are often physiologically weak and prone to infertility.
Gastrointestinal diseases: In obese people, the amount of fat attached to the intestinal loops causes constipation, easy hemorrhoids, stagnation of feces and toxic wastes generated in the process of metabolism easily cause diseases. colon cancer. In addition, excess fat will accumulate in the liver and cause fatty liver. Over time, it will turn into cirrhosis… or the disorder of fat metabolism will produce gallstone disease.
Cancer: Diseases such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, hepatobiliary cancer, prostate cancer, esophageal cancer, colon cancer are thought to be related to obesity.
Causes of obesity
Up to now, the cause of obesity is still a question that causes headaches for researchers, and has not found a definitive answer. In particular, the causes are believed to stem from the following main factors:
Due to genetic factors: Recent studies have shown that, in cases of twins, triplets or adopted children, genetic factors are an important factor leading to obesity. The genetic part of the disease corresponds to polygenic inheritance, that is, many genes are involved.
Due to social factors: Is a particularly important factor causing overweight and obesity, especially in women. In developed countries such as the US, France, UK… obesity is more common among women who are manual laborers and have a lower economic life than women who work in the brain and have a low economic life. high. This may come from work pressure, social responsibility, and limited access to information.
Due to endocrine and metabolic disorders: According to studies, people with endocrine and metabolic disorders, adrenocortical tumors, menopause, disorders of sugar and lipid metabolism, diabetes… fast adipose tissue. The more adipose tissue is formed, the more the body increases the demand for sugar, the need for insulin. Therefore, overweight people tend to eat more fatty and sweet foods. Thereby increasing the stimulation of adipose tissue formation and forming a vicious pathological cycle that is difficult to treat definitively.
Due to psychological factors: Psychological factors are always one of the causes that people think is caused by psychological and emotional disorders. There are two syndromes of psychological disorders that are bulimia nervosa and nocturnal eating syndrome, including anorexia in the morning but eating at night with insomnia. Since then, the amount of food ingested and the energy expended due to activity is disturbed, causing fat accumulation and weight gain, overweight and obesity.
Body growth factors: Obesity can also occur when the body rapidly gains mass due to an increase in the size of fat cells, called hypertrophic obesity. On the other hand there is also an increase in the number of fat cells, also known as obesity hyperplasia. Many cases are due to a combination of the two reasons above.
Physical activity: The current decrease in physical activity in developed and comfortable countries is also a cause of obesity. For example, in the United States, although people have tried to reduce the number of calories from food by 10% to put into the body, the proportion of people with obesity has still increased twice compared to the early years of the century while activities limited physical activity.
Brain damage: Although a very rare cause, damage to the brain of obese people, especially the hypothalamus, can cause overweight and obesity.
Diet helps prevent obesity and increase height effectively
Currently, many people, especially young people, think that if they eat very little, they will easily lose weight quickly and effectively. But you should know that this notion is a mistake. The diet needs science, both to help the body stay healthy, get enough energy without being obese, overweight and effectively increase height.
If you want to keep fit and still grow quickly in height, the diet needs to reduce energy, reduce sweets and fats but still ensure protein, fiber, vitamins and minerals. Without these substances, the body is prone to muscle atrophy, leading to weakness, fatigue, anemia, which affects quality of life and ability to work. Besides, a healthy diet will be the premise for effective height growth.
Obese people should choose protein-rich foods such as low-fat meat, low-fat fish such as salmon, shrimp, crab, lean ham, yogurt made from skimmed milk, low or no sugar, legumes, eggs and soy milk soybeans.
Obese people should not eat foods high in fat and cholesterol such as fatty meat, pork leg, avocado, heart, liver, kidney, pig intestine…
Ideally, you should eat green vegetables and ripe fruits 500g / day. Vegetables and fruits can be processed in the form of soups, boiled, mixed vegetables, salads, etc. You should increase your intake of less sweet fruits such as apples, watermelons, plums, guava, dragon fruit, cassava… Low starch, limit salt, eat less than 6g/day, if high blood pressure, only 2-4g/day.
You should use foods that use glucid with a lot of fiber such as rye bread, whole grains, and potatoes to provide enough vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron, vitamin E… Do not eat after 8pm in the evening. Drink enough 2-2.5 liters of water per day.
Abstain from foods that are high in fat and energy such as butter bread, mixed butter, stir-fried dishes, molasses, jam, candy, chocolate, soft drinks, cakes…
Absolutely give up stimulant drinks such as alcohol, beer, coffee …
Eat right meals, can eat more at breakfast, lunch but less in the afternoon and evening.
Do not eat while watching the phone, read a book or play a game… because it’s easy to get distracted and don’t know how much to eat, so you tend to overeat and gain weight.
Increase exercise, proper sleep regime
To support the body to absorb all the energy, good nutrition, facilitate effective height growth without worrying about gaining weight or being overweight, you can use additional height increasing products from manufacturers from the United States. These food support products will basically have herbal ingredients such as: Ivy, ginkgo, bean … 5-HTP, especially Nano Calcium, Hydrolyzed Collagen type II is an important condition for remarkable increase in height.
From the information just now, it can be seen that obesity not only hinders the weight loss plan, but also affects overall health. Therefore, pay attention to apply the appropriate method to achieve the desired height and a supple health.