Intellectual disability: Definition, symptoms, treatment


In addition to being overweight and tall in addition to the weight and height children who suffer from mental retardation also suffer from mental health problems that requires the proper attention of parents. So, what are the signs that a child is suffering from mental retardation? Does the child who is suffering from an illness be treated or is the child who is who is suffering from mental retardation be treated?

What is it exactly that a child has who is suffering from mental retardation?

Mental retardation is a medical term that is a reference to a deficit in the brain of a child. This condition impacts children’s learning capabilities, self-care and as in addition to communication and social abilities more than their peers.


Children who are mentally retarded might require a longer period of time to acquire the capacity to walk and talk or move around and dress themselves and consume food. Additionally, these children may require extra help from adults to aid their development.

Children who suffer from mental retardation

The evaluation of the severity of children’s mental retardation is based on the cognitive capabilities as well as adaptability and the degree to which a child needs assistance from an adult in order to lead an ordinary life.

In certain situations, it’s not feasible to use checklists to assess the degree of development delays. Instead the assessment is dependent on tests carried out by a physician. In reality, there are many circumstances where the extent cannot be assessed. Four levels can help assess the severity of mental retardation among children.

Moderate severity (can be mixed, and represents about 85 percent of the children with cognitive retardation).

  • Children with an IQ between 50 and 70.
  • Early in the years, child’s development in terms of abilities, motor, observation skills, and so on. may be difficult to differentiate from the typical child.
  • The child can still manage to mix in with their peers. However they might have issues in school, but they are always trying to complete high school classes. Sometimes, however, children need more direction and assistance than the other children.

moderate (can be taught. The group comprises about 10 percent of children with mental disorders).

  • Children with an IQ between 35 and 49.
  • The majority of children learn communication skills at an young age. As they grow older they are able to keep their heads in the right place, but their capacity to learn is just at the elementary level , often not long beyond elementary school.
  • Children of this age who are getting older require assistance from other children.

Children who suffer from severe intellectual retardation (this category is around 3-4 percent of the children with mental retardation)

  • Children who have IQs between 20 and.
  • The first years of children are taught very few communications skills. The ability of children to learn is limited to comprehend numerals and alphabets.
  • Children of this age who are getting older are unable to work independently and they can only carry out few activities, and always require assistance.

Children who suffer from severe cognitive retardation (this category represents around 1-2 percent of number of children who suffer of mental retardation)

  • Children who have an IQ lower than 20.
  • Self-care, motor skills, and social skills of children in this age range are developed through the proper training. However, they need constant supervision and guidance.
  • Children often die early.

Children with mental retardation are at risk

For infants and children. There are a myriad of reasons (may exist prior to birth or even at birth, and also after birth) that can cause mental retardation similar to Down syndrome in children, or fetal alcohol disorder (Fetal alcoholism disorder) FAS) because of the use from mothers during pregnancy . Fragile X syndrome (fragile X syndrome) birth defects, congenital diseases and many more.

Children who are older The reasons behind mental retardation are discovered by children who suffer from head trauma or brain, as well as strokes and infections among children, etc.

The symptoms of mental retardation can be seen among children.

If the extent of mental retardation in children is greater, it could “reveal” very early. However the mental retardation in children is not likely to get better as they grow older, if they are detected in the early stages and appropriately treated.

Here are some indications of mental retardation for children that parents can be able to monitor and “recognize” in time:

  • Kids learn to sit and crawl, and walk quicker than others at the same age.
  • You can practice speaking, and the process of learning to speak is not an arduous task.
  • It’s difficult to keep track of and it takes a long time absorb information and develop new techniques.
  • Self-care isn’t always the most effective…

Methods to recognize children with mental retardation

As per DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association), there are three major elements to be considered in determining if a child is who suffers from mental illness. It’s that:

  • The level of intellectual development of children is less than average, and, or IQ lower than 70.
  • Children’s ability to adapt to the ever-changing world, from socializing with people to studying and working is not as great as children at the same age.
  • The signs of the condition are apparent prior to the age of 18 years old. If the symptoms begin to manifest after the age of 18 the condition is called dementia.


How can children be treated for mental retardation?

Are children who have developmental issues able to be treated? Indeed, children who suffer from mental retardation might have trouble engaging in intellectual activities or are unable to adapt and may require assistance from other. Based on the severity of mental retardation and the severity of it, a child’s lifespan is affected.

For children who have developmental delays, according to the severity of their condition, experts implement appropriate strategies to each kind of delay, such as psychotherapy, educational therapy and medications. Furthermore parents can work with specialists to coordinate treatment to aid children in developing more effectively, for example:

  • Encourage the independence of children. Encourage them to experiment with new ideas while encouraging them to complete things independently, giving assistance only when absolutely needed and giving positive feedback whenever they are successful or are able to master something new.
  • Children with mental retardation
  • Involving the child’s participation in group events such as attending an art class and/or joining in a Scouting program group will aid in the development of strong social abilities.
  • Stay in contact and collaborate with your child’s teacher , so they can monitor their progress and revisit the lessons they’ve learned at school by practicing at home.
  • Connect and get acquainted with other parents who are in similar situations to receive excellent spiritual guidance and support.

With the fundamental knowledge about the scenario of children suffering from developmental delays, parents will learn how to take better treatment of their children, seek out experts and help their children at the right time to allow their children to grow normally. Incorporate them into the society. Remember, everywhere apart from medical treatment, children suffering from mental retardation need the attention and support of their family and friends close to them, as in a balanced diet. Nutrition that is scientifically proven, beneficial for brain development.


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