Relationship between height and bone growth

Bones are an important part of the human body, the height of the human body is the result of bone growth. The bone cells change from one to two, two to four, and four to eight, continuously dividing and growing, thus giving rise to bone growth. Let’s learn about the relationship between height and bone development with Grow Taller Blog through the following article.

Height reflects bone growth

A person’s height has an important relationship with bones, if the bones are well developed, the body will be taller, if the bones grow and develop, there will be problems with growth, and the body will be short.

Height is an important indicator reflecting the development of the child’s skeletal system The child’s height is determined by the quality of bone development, the whole body has 206 bones, the bones related to height include the skull, spine and the long bones of the lower extremities.

Among them, bones in the lower extremities The length of the bones plays a decisive role. The growth rate of the 3 bone parts is not uniform, the head grows fastest in the first year after birth, then the spine; and the lower extremities grow fastest during puberty.

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Development of the spine

During the first year after the baby is born, the spine grows faster than the limbs. The baby’s motor development needs to adapt to the development of the spine, that is, the baby will look up when the baby is 2 to 3 months old, sit alone when the baby is 6 to 7 months old, crawl at 8 to 9 months. years old and 10 to 11 years old. Months The baby can stand when he is an adult, and can walk when he is 12 to 16 months old. If the child has not reached the appropriate age, children should not learn to sit or stand early to avoid excessive curvature of the spine that will affect the child’s height.

In the process of developing human skeletal system, the long bones and vertebrae of the lower limbs have the most important significance for height, especially the long bones of the lower limbs. The long bony structure of the limbs is divided into three parts: the biceps, the epiphyseal and the vertebral column. There is a layer of cartilage between the meniscus and meniscus, called the disc (or disc cartilage).

The perineum consists of cartilage, the central part of the cartilage being the first to turn out, called the ossification center. During the whole growth and development of the child, the bone growth continues to take place in the solidification center and the cartilaginous disc of the long bone head, so the length of the bone gradually increases and the height also increases.

Between the ages of 17-20 during late puberty, the cartilage plates and epidermis begin to fuse and bone growth begins to slow down. Until the cartilage plate and the bone part are completely fused together, the growth of the long bone stops, and the height does not increase any more. It can be seen that human height and bone growth are most closely related to the ends of bones and the cartilage plates at the ends of long bones.


Factors affecting bone growth and height

There are many factors affecting bone growth, such as congenital diseases, severe malnutrition, severe vitamin (vitamin food) deficiency, dysplasia and achondroplasia and other metabolic bone diseases, which can interferes with bone growth and development of the coccyx causing skeletal development disorders in children, and ultimately, short stature.

Experts who study the growth and development of the human body’s height have confirmed that in order for the human body to grow taller, it is necessary to meet the following conditions:

First, the epithelial cartilage layer of the bone cannot close, if closed, the child cannot grow taller.

Second, the pituitary gland must secrete enough growth hormone, although growth hormone does not directly promote bone growth, it can synthesize “growth factors” in the liver. The amount of “growth factor” synthesized in the body will determine the rate of height growth. .

Third, when growing up, children need a lot of nutrition for bones, parents should pay attention to a reasonable nutrition for children.

During adolescence, height increases very rapidly. Teenage boys and girls want to be taller. The main reason to grow taller is the growth of bones. Boys can grow on average 7-9 cm per year, up to 10-12 cm.

Girls can grow an average of 5 to 7 cm per year, at most 8 to 10 cm. This mainly depends on the development of the lower extremities and the spine. In general, women stop growing in height between 19 and 23 years old, and men between 23 and 26 years old. At this point, because the perineum is closed, it can’t grow anymore

Some experts point out that as long as a child’s epithelial glands are not closed, they will still have flexibility and space to grow. To detect the short stature of children early, parents must closely observe the child’s growth rate.

In general, after the age of 3 to pre-adolescent development, children can increase in height by 4 to 7 cm per year. If you find your child short, you must find a specialist to find out the cause and determine a scientific and effective weight gain plan so that your child does not miss the opportunity to grow taller.

The height of the human body is determined by the growth and development of bones, frequent sun exposure to increase the ability of ultraviolet radiation to facilitate the synthesis of vitamin D in the body and promote absorption. absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the stomach and intestines, thus ensuring healthy bone growth and preventing short stature.

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